New York turnip is a medium-maturity winter turnip, bred as a York globe replacement. It is a white-fleshed, purple-skinned, oval-bulbed, diploid turnip.
New York is distinguished by having a full leaf and a greater leaf-to-bulb ratio than York globe. The extra leaf holding is due to improved tolerance to turnip mosaic virus. Bulb development in all late-summer sown turnips is heavily influenced by how early the crop is sown, and how much space each plant has to develop large bulbs.
A large proportion of these types of turnips are sown as early-winter feed with annual or Italian ryegrass. In these mixes it is hard to get large bulb development due to competition, in these circumstances the extra leaf production of New York becomes valuable.
New York has been tested as a later-holding summer turnip where it has performed strongly. As a summer turnip option, New York should never make up more than 5 kg, or one third of a cow’s diet.
New York has performed strongly as a late-holding summer turnip.
|Suggested sowing time||Late October to early November||January to February|
|Suggested sowing rate alone (kg/ha)||Varies depending on quality of paddock preparation - range 1.5 - 3||1-2|
|Time to first grazing||16 weeks||18-20 weeks|
|Number of potential grazings||1||1|
|Potential yield (t DM/ha)||Average = 8 - 12, Top 14 +||Average = 6-8|
*It is not advisable to mix AR37 and AR1 varieties. AR1 is not recommended for areas where black beetle, porina or root aphid are common problem pests. Grass seed should be Superstrike® treated where Argentine stem weevil, black beetle or grass grub are a risk to seedlings. For more information on AR37 endophyte, visit www.ar37.co.nz.