*Lincoln University lysimeter studies (Woods, 2017)
Ecotain combines four modes of action that work together to significantly reduce N leaching from the urine patch.
Dilute: Ecotain environmental plantain increases the volume of urine animals produce, which means the N being excreted is in a more dilute form, resulting in a reduced N load in the urine patch.
Reduce: Ecotain reduces the amount of dietary N which is excreted in urine, compared with ryegrass. This reduces the amount of N released into the soil via the urine patch.
Delay: In urine patches from animals grazing Ecotain, the conversion from ammonium to nitrate is delayed. Slower conversion allows plants a greater opportunity to uptake N, significantly reducing the potential for leaching.
Restrict: The presence of Ecotain plants in the soil reduces nitrification, likely through the effect of a biological nitrification inhibitor.