Choice

NZ Bred Certified Chicory

Choice Chicory Product Logo
  • Perenniality Perennial
  • Grazing Seasons Spring, Summer

Choice was bred in New Zealand by AgResearch Grasslands, the breeders of the original forage chicory, Puna. Compared to the original Puna, Choice has a uniform full strap leaf and is fully green in colour. Choice was bred from true perennial chicory parents under grazing evaluation and selected for high drymatter production, improved cool season growth and recovery from grazing. Choice has been bred with very good leaf disease tolerance.

Choice gives high volumes of good quality summer feed for increased animal production. It is commonly used as a pure stand summer crop for milk production and finishing systems. Choice is a good source of minerals (particularly Zn, Cu, Mg, P, Ca, K).

Choice is very productive over spring, summer and autumn, and is moderately active in mid-winter depending on the region of use. It is also one of the
most drought tolerant plants available which is most expressed in fertile free draining soil.

Uses

There are two main ways that Choice chicory is used:

1. Mixed with a grass/clover pasture - this is the most common use of chicory because it requires very little change to pasture establishment and management practices. It is an easy way to increase animal production from a pasture. Seed is mixed at a rate of 1 to 3 kg/ha, depending on the content required.

2. As a special purpose crop - this requires different establishment and management practices to grass pastures. It is however, a more effective way of increasing animal performance because it provides a greater amount of high quality feed over summer. Seed is sown at 6 to 8 kg/ha often with the addition of red and white clover.

 

Choice Chicory in ryegrass

Sowing & Establishment

Key Tips

  • Establish on a static or rising 12°C soil temperature
  • Use nitrogen at sowing and then again after first grazing regardless of the inclusion of clover
  • First graze should be at 7 true leaves which will be close 2,200 kg DM/ha
  • Following first grazing, graze when 20 – 25 cm high and down to a post grazing residual of 4 cm
  • For crops carried on for a second year, focus on late September and October grazing to attempt to prevent reproductive growth which will limit production and often persistence
  • For six month cropping use full rates of chemical to check or kill chicory prior to perennial grass sowing in mid autumn. Failure to do this puts perennial pastures at risk of excessive chicory competition

 

  • Seed Weight 1.2 grams (per 1,000 seeds)
  • Sowing Rate 1 - 3 mixed sward, 6 - 8 pure stand

Performance Data

Choice has performed very well in trials and on-farm exhibiting good growth and has more production and persistence than other winter-active chicory cultivars.

As a summer crop, Choice is a very high quality feed source with Metabolisable Energy (ME's) of 11.5 to 13.0 MJ ME/kg DM and crude proteins of 22% to 27% at a time when unirrigated ryegrass can contain both low ME and low crude protein.

 

Suggested Mixes

Dairy Pasture Example Mix

  Rate (kg/ha)
Choice chicory 4
Asset Italian ryegrass (LE or AR37) 12
Tribute white clover 4
Relish red clover 5
TOTAL 25

 

Special Purpose Crop Example Mix

  Rate (kg/ha)
Choice chicory 6
Tribute white clover 2
Relish red clover 4
TOTAL 12
Laura Keenan
Choice Chicory provides more summer feed flexibility and less reliance on brought in feed

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